Landless and homeless, they will be the lowest of the low.
Human tragedy: A farmer and child in India's 'suicide belt' Shankara, respected farmer, loving husband and father, had taken his own life.
The authorities had a vested interest in promoting this new biotechnology.
Desperate to escape the grinding poverty of the post-independence years, the Indian government had agreed to allow new bio-tech giants, such as the U. market-leader Monsanto, to sell their new seed creations.
But GM salesmen and government officials had promised farmers that these were 'magic seeds' - with better crops that would be free from parasites and insects.
Indeed, in a bid to promote the uptake of GM seeds, traditional varieties were banned from many government seed banks.
Other villagers looked on - they knew from experience that any intervention was pointless - as he lay doubled up on the ground, crying out in pain and vomiting. At 5pm on Sunday, the life of Shankara Mandaukar came to an end.
Moaning, he crawled on to a bench outside his simple home 100 miles from Nagpur in central India. As neighbours gathered to pray outside the family home, Nirmala Mandaukar, 50, told how she rushed back from the fields to find her husband dead.
In return for allowing western companies access to the second most populated country in the world, with more than one billion people, India was granted International Monetary Fund loans in the Eighties and Nineties, helping to launch an economic revolution.
But while cities such as Mumbai and Delhi have boomed, the farmers' lives have slid back into the dark ages.
When Prince Charles claimed thousands of Indian farmers were killing themselves after using GM crops, he was branded a scaremonger.